Propagation de K7RA
18 May, 2013
This is, after all, the peak of the current solar cycle, or close to it, so no surprise that solar indices are up. But based on past solar cycles, many of us expected more. The latest forecast predicts a peak for this cycle in Fall 2013, but of course that will be determined afterward, and based on a long running average of sunspot numbers. So don't miss this one. Don't wait until a year after the peak, then lament not being on back when. Today may have the best Spring propagation for a long time.
The past week saw average daily sunspot numbers increase by more than 34 points to 156.1. Average daily solar flux was up by nearly three points to 140.1. On Wednesday, May 15 the daily sunspot number was 186, the highest number since January 6-7, when the sunspot numbers were 186 and 196.
Predicted solar flux for the near term is 145 on May 17-18, 140 on May 19, 135 on May 20, 130 on May 21, 125 on May 22, 120 on May 23-24, 160 on May 25, 170 on May 26, 160 on May 27-28, 155 on May 29-30, 150 on May 31, 155 on June 1, 160 on June 2-3, 155 on June 4, 150 on June 5, and 145 on June 6-8.
Predicted planetary A index is 15 on May 17, 8 on May 18-19, 5 on May 20, 8 on May 21, 15 on May 22, 12 on May 23, 8 on May 24, 5 on May 25-27, 15 and 10 on May 28-29, 5 on May 30 through June 8, 8 on June 9, and 5 on June 10 and 12 on June 11.
Http://Spaceweather.com reports this morning (May 17) that a CME may strike Earth today from an X1 flare two days ago, but it is expected to be a glancing blow instead of a direct hit. NOAA predicts a 40% chance of polar geomagnetic storms. This is from sunspot group 1478, which should be pointing directly at Earth in a few days. ZDnet ran a story on this today: http://www.zdnet.com/active-sunspot-fires-solar-flares-cme-toward-us-7000015460/
Http://space.com ran a mid-week piece on sunspot group 1478, complete with video and cinematic score:
OK1HH predicts quiet to active geomagnetic conditions May 17-18, mostly quiet May 19, quiet on May 20, mostly quiet May 21, active to disturbed May 22, quiet to active May 23-24, mostly quiet May 25-26, quiet May 27, quiet to active May 28, active to disturbed May 29, quiet to unsettled May 30, mostly quiet May 31 and June 1, quiet to unsettled June 2-3, mostly quiet June 4, and quiet on June 5-8.
David Moore sends along a link to a video from Phil Plait's Bad Astronomy blog on http://slate.com. This one shows time-lapse photography of aurora from Northern Michigan:
This is a pretty high bandwidth HD video, so if you have an average broadband connection, you may want to turn off the audio and walk away from the computer for a while and let the buffer load up on data, then run the video from the beginning.
Phil Plait's commentary on the video is well worth reading, and you can find it on http://slate.com if you select "Health and Science" across the top, then page down to "Time Lapse Video."
There are a couple of space weather pages on Facebook of interest to hams. You will have to sign up for Facebook to read these, but it is free and painless. Check out http://www.facebook.com/232532740131296 and http://www.facebook.com/spacewx.hfradio.
Check out http://www.ipellejero.es/hf/english/index.html, an interesting and useful page found just by fooling around with a popular web search engine. Search about one-fifth down the page for "Solar Flux Index and Sunspots." You'll see an interesting plot correlating proton flux, solar flux and sunspot number.
Today (May 17) at 0915 UTC the http://www.spaceweatherlive.com/en site issued this alert: "There was a huge eruption on the Sun observed with class M3.21." At 0952 UTC their website said "In the past two hours there was a big solar flare with a class of M3.21."
Lee Gordy, W4KUT of Cartersville, Georgia sent this report about what he was up to over the past few days, along with a propagation query about solar flares and HF blackouts: "I participated in a GEMA/FEMA/Homeland Security exercise at Stone Mountain, Georgia this week. I was with Paulding County EMA/ARES. There were a couple dozen EMA, Fire & Rescue, LEO and National Guard MCVs gathered from all over the state for the four day event."
My guess is an MCV must be a Mobile Command or Communications Vehicle, and of course a LEO is a Law Enforcement Officer. I think EMA must be an Emergency Management Agency. The exercise was Monday through Thursday, May 13-16.
Lee continues, "We were tasked with many activities, including checking-in to the statewide Georgia ARES HF net (80 and 40 meters) every hour, from 0900 through 1700 local, May 14-15, using CW, Voice (LSB), and PSK31." ARES played a big part in the exercise.
"The HF conditions were, according to local propagation experts, supposed to be a total HF blackout. But we had no problem on 80 and 40 meters. What happened?
"There was supposed to be a black-out due to CME or some kind of disturbance. Our take? Ol' Sol cannot be tamed! Much less predicted.
"Our station (WX4PCA Paulding County ARES), observed no anomalies on 80 or 40 meters during the entire period from Monday May 13 through Thursday May 16. Go figure."
Thanks, Lee! I believe the blackout predictions were based on worst case scenarios in which solar flares could have a big effect if they were aimed squarely at Earth, but they weren't.
If you check the archives for those days at http://www.spaceweather.com/ (check the upper right, and dial in your date) you will see plenty of coverage regarding solar flares, but all were around the eastern limb of the Sun, none really geoeffective toward Earth. But check the mid-latitude indices (on the left side) at http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/ftpdir/latest/DGD.txt and you don't see a lot of activity. Plus, Georgia is way down south, and not subject to the disturbances common at higher latitudes. For example, here in Seattle I am at 47.7 degrees north latitude, but the entire state of Georgia sits between 30.7 and 35 degrees north latitude.
Jon Jones, N0JK of Lawrence, Kansas wrote: "Every dog has his day. I worked LU9EHF FF95 in Argentina on 50.130 MHz with 59 signals at 2159 UTC May 10. My antenna was a dipole in the attic over the garage, the radio a 100 watt FT-897.
"I was watching our two grand children while the XYL was out on errands. I checked the radio and DXscape from time to time in between entertaining them. At 2145 UTC K0HA EN10 spotted LU9EHF on 50.130. I tuned to .130 not expecting to hear anything, but heard some weak Spanish accented SSB on frequency. It was LU9EHF. He worked a W8 then suddenly got much louder. Very loud, way over S-9.
He worked N0LWF EN10wm in Nebraska at 2157 UTC. I waited anxiously for them to finish their QSO. LU9EHF went QRZ, I dropped my call in.
Bam! Luis came right back and we exchanged reports. LU9EHF is in FF95, 8,914 km away.
"I recorded parts of LU9EHF's QSOs with K9KU EN61 and WF0N EM28 after I signed with him. Luis was so loud the speaker on the radio was distorting. Larry, N0LL EM09 spotted LU9EHF at 2220 and K0GU DN70 at 2248 UTC. I suspect a fairly high wave angle to the Es link given the strength of LU9EHF's signal on the dipole. Perhaps chordal hop Es to TEP link? It was one of the more remarkable things I have heard on 6 meters.
"Let Hercules himself do what he may, the cat will mew and the dog will have his day." Spoken by Hamlet in William Shakespeare, The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark. Act V, Scene 1, page 13.
See http://www.dxscape.com/ for DXscape, mentioned by N0JK
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Sunspot numbers for May 9 through 15 were 154, 149, 145, 173, 144, 142, and 186, with a mean of 156.1. 10.7 cm flux was 128.4, 124.8, 136.6, 147.3, 150.3, 147.9, and 145.6, with a mean of 140.1.
Estimated planetary A indices were 5, 5, 4, 5, 6, 8, and 9, with a mean of 6. Estimated mid-latitude A indices were 4, 4, 4, 6, 6, 7, and 10, with a mean of 5.9.